Steroid effects on mental health

Awareness and educational efforts are working to help prevent anabolic steroid abuse in schools and communities. The Adolescents Training and Learning to Avoid Steroids (ATLAS) and the Athletes Targeting Healthy Exercise and Nutrition Alternatives (ATHENA) programs, funded by the NIDA, and supported by the Oregon Health & Science University programs is teaching athletes that they do not need steroids to build powerful muscles and improve athletic performance. These programs provide weight-training and nutrition alternatives, increase healthy behaviors, less likelihood to try steroids, and less likelihood to engage in other dangerous behaviors such as drinking and driving, use of marijuana and alcohol , and and improved body image. Bother Congress and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration endorsed these model prevention programs. 4

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Steroid and antibiotic eye drops - hydrocortisone/neomycin/polymixin B; loteprednol/tobramycin; prednisolone/gentamycin; prednisolone/sulfacetamide; hydrocortisone /neomycin/bacitracin/ polymyxin B (Blephamide, Catapred [discontinued], Isopto, Pred-G, Poly-Pred [discontinued], Tobradex, Zylet and many other brands) are steroid and antibiotic eye drops prescribed to prevent or treat eye infections that are associated with inflammation. Side effects, drug interactions, dosage, and pregnancy safety information should be reviewed prior to using these medications.

The effects of AAS on social behavior in the cynomolgus monkey was studied. Testosterone cypionate and testosterone propionate was administered in dosages equivalent to 2 mg/kg of body weight every 2 weeks and 4 mg/kg of body weight every week, respectively, for 8 weeks. Behavior data suggested that the experimental treatment caused dominate monkeys to exhibit increases in dominate behavior and subordinate monkeys manifested increased submission. In addition, treated monkeys also demonstrated less affiliative behaviors such as play, grooming activities, and body contact. After an 8-week recovery period, dominate/submissive behaviors returned to pretest levels, although most affiliative behaviors failed to rebound in this time except for play which actually exceeded pretest levels (Rejeski, Gregg, Kaplan, & Manuck 1990).

At least one study reports the onset of personality changes, including increased alcohol consumption, after the use of steroids, but notes that the degree of violence experienced was markedly more severe than in previous episodes in which only alcohol was implicated (Conacher 1989) Wesley had supposedly been sober since his treatment at Briarwood in 1986, but began drinking again as his steroid abuse increased. Several other studies indicate that depression and suicidal ideation often accompany the feelings of uncontrollable violence and paranoia experienced by steroid users (Perry 1997). In fact, testosterone, which was once used to treat depression is now known to cause it (Corrigan 1996).

Steroid effects on mental health

steroid effects on mental health

The effects of AAS on social behavior in the cynomolgus monkey was studied. Testosterone cypionate and testosterone propionate was administered in dosages equivalent to 2 mg/kg of body weight every 2 weeks and 4 mg/kg of body weight every week, respectively, for 8 weeks. Behavior data suggested that the experimental treatment caused dominate monkeys to exhibit increases in dominate behavior and subordinate monkeys manifested increased submission. In addition, treated monkeys also demonstrated less affiliative behaviors such as play, grooming activities, and body contact. After an 8-week recovery period, dominate/submissive behaviors returned to pretest levels, although most affiliative behaviors failed to rebound in this time except for play which actually exceeded pretest levels (Rejeski, Gregg, Kaplan, & Manuck 1990).

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